Tag Archive for Drug Abuse

Difference Between DUI and DWI

DUI stands for driving under the influence and DWI stands for driving while intoxicated. DUI is driving under the influence of substances even though they are legal. DWI is driving a vehicle after consumption of alcohol and blood alcoholic concentration is 0.08% or more.

Both DUI and DWI are illegal act of driving a vehicle while impaired by alcohol or drugs. Some states consider both DUI and DWI as same but there are differences between DUI and DWI, such as:

Based on age
There is a difference between DUI and DWI based on the age. Driving under influence is reserved for minors under age of 21 years. If a minor is arrested for drunk driving he or she may be charged for driving under influence (DUI).

Driving while intoxicated is directed for adults. If an adult driving a vehicle while drinking, he or she may be charged for driving while intoxicated (DWI).

Based on blood alcohol content
Another difference between DUI and DWI is based on the concentration of alcoholic content in blood. An individual can be charged with driving under influence (DUI), if blood alcoholic content is maximum of 0.08%.

An individual can be charged with driving while intoxicated (DWI), if the blood alcoholic content is minimum of 0.08% and maximum blood alcohol content. This can be measured by performing tests like blowing air out from mouth, blood samples.

Based on the influence of drugs
Driving under influence is due to the influence of drugs like opium even though they are legal. Driving while intoxicated is the driving which is influenced by the alcohol consumption with the concentration of alcohol in blood with more than 0.08%.

Based on punishments and penalty
The main difference between these two depend on the severity of punishment. Although the penalty and punishment depends on the environmental conditions surrounding the conviction and individual criminal record, driving under influence (DUI) has less penalty than driving while intoxicated (DWI).

Penalties include jail time, suspension of license. In both the conditions, the license will be suspended but much shorter time in case of DUI compared to DWI. In case of DUI, license will be suspended for less than 60 days whereas in DWI, license will be suspended for 60-180 days depends on the severity of the condition.
Read more

Comparison of Drug Abuse and Drug Dependance

Drug abuse is a process which involves excessive intake of drugs. The person abusing drugs neglects his responsibilities at school, work, or home. Weight changes or unusual eating patterns, change in normal sleep patterns, frequent infections or infections which don’t heal, memory lapses, frequent minor illnesses like headaches, nausea etc. are the physical signs and symptoms of a person who is abusing drugs. Anxiety, depression, mood swings and impaired judgment etc., are the psychological symptoms.

Dug dependance is substance addiction which is the physical or psychological need for a drug. Drug dependance is the compulsive use of drugs despite its dangerous effects and in this condition a person needs drugs to function normally. Abruptly stopping the drug leads to withdrawal symptoms. Drug abuse can lead to drug dependence and the people who use drugs for pain relief may become dependent on it. Drug dependance is of three types physical, psychological and cross dependance. Drug dependance can increase the risk of various cancers. Hepatitis, pulmonary malnutrition, or respiratory infections, are caused by drug use by injection.

Primary difference between drug addiction and the drug dependance is that addiction involves physical craving for the drug, while the drug dependance involves an emotional and psychological need for the drugs. When a person is addicted to the drugs it becomes very difficult for him to stop using the drugs but in the drug dependance it is not always necessary to actually take the drug. The best way to prevent drug addiction is to use drugs only as prescribed by your doctor. But it is essential to take treatment from a mental health care professional in the case of drug dependence because it is a psychological problem.

Read more

Lab Drug Tests Vs Home Drug Tests for Addiction

Home drug tests and lab drug tests mainly differ in two aspects – one is the speed of the test and the other is the accuracy of the results.

Home Drug Tests:
Home drug tests are the type of tests used for detecting the presence of the drugs in the body at the home. These type of drug tests can be conducted at the home with the help of home drug test kits. The level of sensitivity can vary from one home test to another. Results in the home drug tests are quick and the cost of these tests is less when compared to the lab drug tests. Home drug tests are very useful for the parents to test their children for the presence of the drugs. Home drug tests can be performed by the parents without the knowledge of their children. Greatest advantage that home test kits offer over laboratory tests is rapid results. Most home test kits provide results in a very short time. Home drug test kits are most affordable and the price of a single substance kit is $4 and the cost of the kit increases with each additional substance tested, up to $30.

Lab Drug Tests:
Laboratory tests also use same kind of the kits used for home drug tests called as immunoassay test. In laboratory tests, calibrated machines are used carefully to detect the presence of drugs. So lab tests gives more accurate results than the home drug tests. In addition highly trained professionals conduct these tests in laboratory. Further, the samples tested at the homes and which gave positive results are sent to the laboratories for further testing and confirmation. Major disadvantage of the laboratory drug tests is high cost of the tests and testing a single substance costs around $30, which is the highest cost in the home drug tests for testing all the substances.

Home drug test and lab drug tests differ largely from one another. They can be used according to the convenience of the user.

Read more

Hair Drug Tests Vs Urine Drug Tests

There are many different methods that can be used to detect the use of drugs. Costs of the methods used to test the presence of drugs also vary, some methods are relatively cheap and some are very expensive. Hair and the urine drug tests are the two types of tests that are most commonly used for detecting the presence of drugs.

Hair testing has recently become a popular method for drug testing. Hair testing can detect drugs that have been taken six months back. About 50 strands of hair are necessary which should be obtained from the crown of the head of the drug user for conducting the hair drug tests. One of the advantage of the hair testing is that, this test can detect the drugs that have taken months ago by the person undergoing the test. Collecting the hair is simple procedure and it is not invasive. Hair testings for the drugs can be produced as an evidence in the law of courts. But the major disadvantage of hair test is that it is expensive and it can cost up to $150.

In the urine drug tests, the urine of the addicted person is taken as sample for testing for presence of the drugs in the body. Urinalysis is the most common drug test used by federally mandated drug testing programs. One of the advantage of urine drug test is that it is the simplest and least expensive drug testing technique. This technique is very accurate and can be conducted at the home. This is also most reliable test for determining the drugs. Disadvantage of urine test is that, these tests do not test for drugs that have been taken close to the time of testing.

The above details clearly explain the differences between the saliva and urine drug tests.

Read more

Know About Legal vs Illegal Drugs

Legal drugs are the drugs that can be bought over the counter and it is also permitted by the Government to sell them over the counter. Medicines are one of the legal drugs and these drugs do not show any negative effects on the human body instead they are prescribed by the doctors to cure the diseases. They can show dangerous effects on the body if they are used in excess. The other legal drugs that can be purchased over the counter are cigarette and alcohol. These two drugs can cause life threatening effects on the people who abuse them. Nicotine persists in the body up to six to eight hours after smoking and nicotine affects the mood and performance and is the source of addiction to tobacco. Alcohol effects central nervous system and reduces anxiety, inhibition, and feelings of guilt. Alcohol addiction also damages the brain, liver, heart, and other organs in the body.

Illegal drugs are the chemicals that a person is not allowed by the law to have them. The drugs which are considered as legal and illegal drugs varies from country to country. If a person is caught with illegal drugs, they may be punished. Most people use illegal drugs to get away from the stress and peer pressure, mental conditions like depression and anxiety, physical pain, lack of family relationships also causes individuals to abuse drugs. This class of drugs includes narcotics, marijuana, inhalants, cocaine, cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, opiates, anabolic steroids etc. Main effects of the above said drugs is on the brain and they alter the the areas of the brain responsible for self control, judgment, emotional regulation, motivation, memory, and learning. Heavy doses of these drugs may cause irregular heartbeats, and it may increase the blood pressure, heart attacks, and other heart damages. Other key functional organs like liver, kidney and lungs also gets effected. Drug abuse also effects the family and other relations