Transportation is one of the major factors responsible for global warming and air pollution. According to the Environmental Protection Agency estimations, approximately five tons of carbon dioxide produced by an average passenger vehicle in a year. It significantly contributed to the greenhouse effect. Most of the transportation at present is powered by gasoline or other petroleum products. There are several differences between electric vehicles and gasoline vehicles.
- Aerodynamics: One of the major differences between gasoline and electric is are its body design. Electric vehicles are built for efficiency. So to get more mileage, the automakers are trying to reduce the drag in its design.
But some cars like Tesla Roadster or Model S look like luxury and more expensive. Most of these cars have unorthodox and weird designs. But these are having their own reasons for that.
- Mileage: Electric cars get better fuel economy than traditional gasoline cars. Mileage is one of the biggest reasons for people showing interest towards electric cars. For an electric car, top range is 300 miles so far. But most of the cars are having the range below fifty miles. Automakers are offering gasoline engine along with electric motor for longer trips. In case of gasoline engines, the best mileage is forty miles per gallon.
- Technology: The technology used in electric and gasoline are different to get the same result. The electric powered cars have an electric motor. To turn the crankshaft, the motor generates a magnetic field by getting the power from battery.
Cars powered by gasoline engine have an internal combustion engine. With a spark plug, the engine ignites a mixture of air and fuel and produces a series of explosions. These explosions turn the crankshaft and cause the car to move.
- Considerations: Electric cars offer many advantages than gas cars. But there are a few things you need to know about them. According to United States of Department of Energy, the present battery technology available in the electric cars will take eight hours to recharge to its full range.
The driving range is between hundred to two hundred miles. When compared to the gasoline cars, a tank will give three hundred miles. There is much convenience even to fill the tank, within a few minutes the tank is filled with fuel and fuel filling stations are available in many places.
Gasoline vehicles are more advanced than electric vehicles. Electric vehicles are not newer than gasoline vehicles. Long ago, the pioneers of automobile are experimented with both power sources. At that time diesel or gasoline powered cars are the norm around the world and internal combustion engine has not become as a standard auto engine. Along with gasoline, electric hybrid vehicles, electric vehicles are reemerging in recent decades. Gas powered cars are still dominating the roads.