Tag Archive for Law

Child Labor Laws in Texas: A Guide for Employers

Employing child is an important issue; it may attract some liability of any sort – civil or criminal -unless employers do not take precautions. There are multiple issues associated with this – hiring, removal and paying compensation to child labors. In Texas, employers are covered under the relevant laws of both state of Texas and federal laws of the union. This article is a guide related to child labor laws for employers in Texas.

Child laws are under FLSA and Texas laws
Child laws in Texas are followed under the provisions of federal FLSA as well as Texas state laws. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) mandates employers to establish child labor standards applicable to all employees – full-time and part-time – in the private sector in local, state and federal governments.

According to Texas child labor laws, children below the age of 14 years are not permitted to be employed at any time, with an exception of a child working for the parents in occupations that are not hazardous. For example: newspaper delivering.

Texas law on child labor
Under the rules of this law, children of the age group of 14-15 years are subject to the following restrictions:

  • Children of this age group are not permitted to be employed beyond eight hours a day or 48 hours a week.
  • A child is not permitted to work between 10:00 pm and 5:00 am on day, followed by school day.
  • A child is not permitted to work between midnight and 5:00 am on day, not followed by school day.
  • A child is not permitted to work between midnight and 5:00 am, during the summer vacation.

Under federal law
Rules under Federal law are more stringent. The restriction include the following.

  • A child is not permitted to work more than eight hours on a non-school day; and not more than 40 hours during a non-school week.
  • On a school day, a child is permitted to work not more than three hours in a day when school is in session.
  • A child is permitted to work better between 0700 hours and 1900 hours, when school is in session and between 0700 hours and 2100 hours from 1st June to Labor Day.
  • Children of age group 16 – 17 years may be employed in non-agricultural occupations that are not classified as hazardous under relevant rules.
  • When we look for hiring minors for agricultural occupations, make sure to check with Department of Labor or consult an attorney, if needed.

Child labor laws in force in Texas are complex in terms of compliance. It is, therefore, sensible to hire professionals to ensure optimal compliance.
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Ten Common Mistakes Committed When Hiring a Real Estate Lawyer

1. Choosing an attorney because s/he will be supportiveOnline billing software
There will be two different attorneys the first who is sympathetic to your situation and the other who wins your case. But you need to hire an advocate having both the qualities. Do not, therefore, mistake supportive for expertise.

2. Hiring the first attorney that you find
When you are doing research for home buying, definitely you will not buy the first house you see. The same applies for the attorney to hire. Here you should get some names of the different, several, preferable through referrals and then make a sound choice.

3. Not doing homework by research
Go to the local law library and get details and referrals and find information about the lawyer or go online or go to the local bar association. Do not hire the attorney without checking his/her background. It will be advantageous if you talk with people who have encountered such cases. Then, ask about the background, competence, manner, etc. You can also check the Martindale-Hubbell directory for the guidance.

4. Not checking an attorney’s area of specialization
Only some attorney will do well outside area but many do not know the nuances of the other areas. So if you need a lawyer/attorney for the contract, hire a real-estate attorney, for more details, search in some good websites etc.

5. Not discussing availability
Do not hire a lawyer who does not have a time to take you on as a client, if you hire your legal needs will suffer. So make sure that how much time you require and have a lawyer who is able to make timely commitment.

6. Not meeting in person
In today’s generation emails and phone calls are becoming more and more commonplace for business communication. It will be not be good if someone is there between you and your attorney, instead you need to him in person.

7. Not receiving all fees in advance
Never complain that the lawyer has charged too much if you neglected to check the costs upfront. For information on legal fees, check out with referrals or relevant good websites

8. Not being prepared
When you are working with the attorney who is played for the time, then time is money at that situation. So be prepared it you won’t and shown up for unprepared for meeting then you have to blame yourself.

9. Doing someone a favor
If your relative is an attorney, it does not mean that s/he can deal your case very legally. But you need to know and learn how to politely decline such offers.

10. Getting Passed around
You have to make sure that your attorney that you meet will handle your matters and will not pass the buck to a recently pass-out law school graduate.

These points you need to learn and know about the attorney, hope this may help you to find a best and good attorney who can deal with you properly.
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Find Various Types of Gender Discrimination at Workplaces

One of the serious ones among employment discrimination is gender discrimination. These days women are also efficiently working with equal performance as men all over the world. Even then there is a rise in gender discrimination at workplaces which is a very serious concern.

Equal opportunities are given to both men and women at workplaces according to employment laws. Federal laws are implemented in different countries in order to maintain them. The federal laws of the United States such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII prohibits discrimination of employees against race, sex, religion, and nationality.

Gender discrimination at workplace reflects the performance of the employee. The quality of work may be decreased due to increased stress conditions as a result of gender discrimination or sexual harassment. There are different ways of gender discrimination commonly seen at workplaces.

  • Direct discrimination is the one where certain employees are treated differently at workplace based on their gender. Differences in salary, promotion and other aspects are seen in direct discrimination.
  • Indirect discrimination is the one where the employees are indirectly discriminated by creating certain laws or rules which are not pertained to the particular gendered employees.
  • Sexual or verbal harassment of employees is the other type which comes under gender discrimination. It may cause emotional and psychological stress for the employee.

Gender discrimination in any of these ways must be avoided at workplaces. Higher management levels should take proper disciplinary actions against the responsible people for the discrimination. The suffered employee may also file a case against the employer or the individual for certain federal agencies of the state.