A dental relining is resurfacing the surface of the teeth with a new material. Dental relining can be done in two ways one is the direct way and the other is indirect way. This is necessary because the tissues or bones of your teeth may change from time to time. By this, the dentures that you wear may become loose after the tooth extraction due the shrinking of the bone and they must be re-fitted nothing but relined from time to time as they don’t fit your jaw well. For denture relining, two methods are available one is direct way done at the chair side and the other is indirect way done in lab. This two methods are discussed below.
Types of denture relines
1. Hard (dental office or lab)
2. Soft (dental office)
Hard relines are made of a material used for hardening the denture. With this, the dentures can be fixed for a long time than soft relines. The reshaping procedure is same for the both but the material used differs. This hard relines can be done at chairside or at the lab. Even though they can be done in both ways many dentists recommend them to send outside as there is a chance of raising the complications when they are unfit. To get the hard resins that are sent, you must wait without dentures till they are fixed.
This is a preferred option as compared to denture because they are more comfortable than hard relines. If the patient who is with bone resorption taking place rapidly, then this type of dentures will be very useful for them. The soft relines are done at office by adding a liquid polymer in the form of layer into the denture for cushion and depth. This is done very quickly and securely than the hard relines. This fine tuning of the soft relines has to be done frequently for optimal fitting, or if you want them to be for long time, you can move for hard relines which will be a better option.
The procedure carried for both is same, the only difference is if they are done in lab, the palate will be removed and placed with new one before they are processed.
The chairside relining will have some disadvantages when compared to the relines done in the lab. They are:
- Due to polymerization of materials, the heat gets released which could burn the oral mucosa.
- Patients having chairside relining may have unpleasant taste and discomfort.
- Stability of the color may be poor.
- Some materials will have very less life span or limited life span and also will have weaker bond strength.
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Invislign is a way of straightening your teeth with invisible braces without using any metal strips or wires that are visible. This treatment will slowly straighten your teeth using a sires of plastic aligners or trays. It is prior to orthodontics and alternative to traditional methods. Through this treatment you can have perfect smile on your face. It is becoming more popular today. Using these braces is much more comfortable than others. This is alternative to other home teeth whitening methods.
Invisalign is given once patient is agreed for the treatment and told about how it benefits the person than traditional methods i.e., after a proper consultancy with dentist. At first the patient is made ready to have the impressions taken from him/her. With in few days the dentist will be given invisalign and in the next visit your teeth will be attached with tooth-colored ceramic pieces which are in teeth color. Now, you can wear your first set of invisalign trays or aligners.
People who require invisalign braces:
- Having the mis-happened teeth
- In solving overly crowded teeth problems
- People to correct wide spaces in their teeth
- It is also taken in situations like over bite, even cross bites and under bite problems
Impacts of invisalign treatment:
- With invisalign you can have healthy gums
- Straighten your teeth
- Cleaning can be done easily which is not a benefit of using the traditional braces
- Using these braces you can have effective chewing and feels better to speak
- Risks that may occur with trauma and abnormal wear are reduced
- This also benefits in the conditions of swollen gums, periodontal diseases, pocketing and redness
- Usage of this braces makes you feel comfortable as there are no metal braces or wires
- You can easily eat, drink, brush and floss your teeth
Protect your invisalign trays/aligners:
- Try to take the aligners slowly out of your mouth
- After removing the aligners from your moth brush your teeth and aligners also
- Continue wearing your aligners regularly until you get your teeth straight
- Have good dental hygiene
When compared to other traditional approaches invisalign is a better choice if you are treated by a qualified and professional dentist.
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Are you worried of having the traditional braces to your teeth? Don’t worry here is the best choice for you in the form of lingual braces.
Lingual braces are same as traditional braces, but placed at the back of the teeth. It replaces the traditional approaches. As normal braces this lingual braces are used to straighten the teeth.
How lingual braces help you?
Since you are worried of using the traditional braces which make people know that your teeth is not proper, this lingual braces helps you to have a smile on your face as this braces are not visible to the people as they are fit at the back of the teeth. With lingual braces you can start your day with a beautiful smile on your face.
Lingual braces treatment:
At first the dentist will take the impression of your teeth using a plastic mould and these impressions are used to make customized brackets. The brackets prepared with the impressions are fitted at the back of the teeth and retaining brace is used to check that moved teeth won’t relapse. This is how lingual braces are placed back of teeth. But some people may require further treatment depending on the need.
Advantages and disadvantages of lingual braces:
- People with lingual braces feel free in the society as they enjoy the advantage of lingual braces
- These braces makes you feel confident
- Lingual braces were chosen by some of the celebrities
- In lingual braces your metal wire connecting the brackets is not visible as in case of ceramic braces
- These braces are also advantageous for people who play sports
- Lingual braces are uncomfortable for some people compared to other orthodontic treatments
- Some people may have problems in chewing, swallowing and talking
- These braces are not suitable for teenagers and adults who have problems like small teeth and excessive bite problems
- These braces are more costly when compared to traditional braces
- The treatment takes long time than traditional braces
- Because of the placement of braces at the back of the teeth there is chance of developing plaque in the teeth
So, based on your requirement you may choose lingual braces after consulting a dentist and take suggestions if necessary.
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A dental evaluation test is a must before getting the dental implantation surgery because it determines whether you are a suitable candidate for implants or not. This evaluation will usually include medical history, and other necessary tests.
The evaluation tests that are needed to prepare for the process are:
- Medical history
- Clinical examination with palpation
- Radio graphs panoramic and FMX
Medical history: If a person wants to replace missing teeth with dental implants then dentist will examine whether the person is suitable for implants or not. This can be done primarily by examining the medical history of that person.
- The dentist will check if there is any growth in the jaw bone, if it is still in the growing stage.
- Whether you have enough jaw bone density or not.
- Gum thickness to allow placement of implant.
- Medical history of any diseases like diabetes, tyroidism which leads to complications during surgery.
- Whether the patient has a habit of taking alcohol and tobacco or not.
- Whether the patient is undergoing any radiation therapy or pregnant.
Clinical examination with palpation: Clinical examination with palpation does not use any device. It can be examined by visualizing the site of missing tooth, adjacent tooth, jaw bone strength and gum tissue. This visualization is not sufficient to evaluate whether the candidate is suitable for implant or not.
Radio graphs panoramic and FMX: Dentists will take panoramic radio graphs where it shows the patients jaw bone and the teeth in the mouth in a single X-ray. X-rays shows the oral health under the surface of the teeth. If dentists want to visualize, then it is better to opt for CT scan or tomography. Tomography reveals the depth of the missing teeth and gingival margin.
FMX is another technique that helps in getting the accurate measurements for the placement of implant. FMX is a full mouth series of X-rays that should be taken every 3 years. This helps the dentist to know whether the person is suitable for dental implants or not.
ICAT: ICAT is a technique that provides 3D ultimate images of the mouth and accurately captures the patients anatomy of single tooth to entire arc. It collects precise data and measurements of bone height and length and width of the space created by the missing teeth.
These are the preliminary techniques to evaluate whether the person is suitable for dental implants or not. These tests reduces the failure of implants. So it is better to get the evaluation done before the implantation surgery.
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Canker sores are the white color round sores that appear on cheeks, lips, gums and under tongue. These are non contagious which means they do not spread by sharing things of candidate with canker sores.
Types of canker sores:
- Major canker sores: These are less commonly seen. These have irregular edges and are large and deeper than minor cankers. It takes weeks or month to heal completely.
- Minor canker sores: These are small and oval shaped sores on lips, gums or under tongue. It takes one week to heal with out leaving any scar.
- Herpetiform canker sores: Herpetiform canker sores are very small and have irregular edges. They appear in bunches on mucous membrane. It can heal within 1-2 weeks without leaving any scar.
Causes of canker sores:
- Due to deficiency of folic acid, iron, vitamin cyanocobalamine
- Destruction of mucous membrane
- Brushing too hard
- Improper wearing of dentures
- Indications of immune system problems
- Emotional Stress
- Hormonal imbalance
- Tooth paste containing sodium lauryl sulphates
Symptoms of canker sores:
- White color sores surrounded by reddish edges on lips, gums
- Difficulty in eating, drinking
- In some cases, swollen lymph nodes and fever
Diagnosis of canker sores:
- Diagnosis of canker sores can be done by physical observation of sores.
- Blood tests to check whether it is caused by herpes virus or not.
- Biopsy of canker sore
Treatment for canker sores:
- Topical medications like gels applied on the sores
- Pain relief tablets used to treat canker sores
- Rinsing with mouth washes containing dexamethasone reduces inflammation and pain.
- If it is due to deficiency of vitamins, supplements should be taken
- Use soft bristle tooth brush
- Do not use tooth paste containing sodium lauryl sulphate
- Gargle mouth with water
- Avoid eating acidic, spicy foods to prevent irritation
Canker sores are different from cold sores
Most people think that canker sores and cold sores are similar but these two are different from each other.
- Canker sores are white color sore with reddish edges. These appear on inside of mouth. It is non contagious. It is not caused by herpes simplex virus.
- Cold Sores are also called fever blisters. These appear on outside of mouth. These are small reddish and painful sores around the edges of the mouth. These are caused by Herpes simplex virus. These are contagious.
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