Tag Archive for dental care

What are Lingual Braces? Know the Advantages and Disadvantages

Are you worried of having the traditional braces to your teeth? Don’t worry here is the best choice for you in the form of lingual braces.

Lingual braces are same as traditional braces, but placed at the back of the teeth. It replaces the traditional approaches. As normal braces this lingual braces are used to straighten the teeth.

How lingual braces help you?
Since you are worried of using the traditional braces which make people know that your teeth is not proper, this lingual braces helps you to have a smile on your face as this braces are not visible to the people as they are fit at the back of the teeth. With lingual braces you can start your day with a beautiful smile on your face.

Lingual braces treatment:
At first the dentist will take the impression of your teeth using a plastic mould and these impressions are used to make customized brackets. The brackets prepared with the impressions are fitted at the back of the teeth and retaining brace is used to check that moved teeth won’t relapse. This is how lingual braces are placed back of teeth. But some people may require further treatment depending on the need.

Advantages and disadvantages of lingual braces:
Advantages:

  • People with lingual braces feel free in the society as they enjoy the advantage of lingual braces
  • These braces makes you feel confident
  • Lingual braces were chosen by some of the celebrities
  • In lingual braces your metal wire connecting the brackets is not visible as in case of ceramic braces
  • These braces are also advantageous for people who play sports

Disadvantages:

  • Lingual braces are uncomfortable for some people compared to other orthodontic treatments
  • Some people may have problems in chewing, swallowing and talking
  • These braces are not suitable for teenagers and adults who have problems like small teeth and excessive bite problems
  • These braces are more costly when compared to traditional braces
  • The treatment takes long time than traditional braces
  • Because of the placement of braces at the back of the teeth there is chance of developing plaque in the teeth

So, based on your requirement you may choose lingual braces after consulting a dentist and take suggestions if necessary.
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Canker Sores – Types, Causes and Treatment

Canker sores are the white color round sores that appear on cheeks, lips, gums and under tongue. These are non contagious which means they do not spread by sharing things of candidate with canker sores.

Types of canker sores:

  • Major canker sores: These are less commonly seen. These have irregular edges and are large and deeper than minor cankers. It takes weeks or month to heal completely.
  • Minor canker sores: These are small and oval shaped sores on lips, gums or under tongue. It takes one week to heal with out leaving any scar.
  • Herpetiform canker sores: Herpetiform canker sores are very small and have irregular edges. They appear in bunches on mucous membrane. It can heal within 1-2 weeks without leaving any scar.

Causes of canker sores:

  • Due to deficiency of folic acid, iron, vitamin cyanocobalamine
  • Destruction of mucous membrane
  • Brushing too hard
  • Improper wearing of dentures
  • Indications of immune system problems
  • Emotional Stress
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Tooth paste containing sodium lauryl sulphates

Symptoms of canker sores:

  • White color sores surrounded by reddish edges on lips, gums
  • Difficulty in eating, drinking
  • In some cases, swollen lymph nodes and fever

Diagnosis of canker sores:

  • Diagnosis of canker sores can be done by physical observation of sores.
  • Blood tests to check whether it is caused by herpes virus or not.
  • Biopsy of canker sore

Treatment for canker sores:

  • Topical medications like gels applied on the sores
  • Pain relief tablets used to treat canker sores
  • Rinsing with mouth washes containing dexamethasone reduces inflammation and pain.
  • If it is due to deficiency of vitamins, supplements should be taken
  • Use soft bristle tooth brush
  • Do not use tooth paste containing sodium lauryl sulphate
  • Gargle mouth with water
  • Avoid eating acidic, spicy foods to prevent irritation

Canker sores are different from cold sores
Most people think that canker sores and cold sores are similar but these two are different from each other.

  • Canker sores are white color sore with reddish edges. These appear on inside of mouth. It is non contagious. It is not caused by herpes simplex virus.
  • Cold Sores are also called fever blisters. These appear on outside of mouth. These are small reddish and painful sores around the edges of the mouth. These are caused by Herpes simplex virus. These are contagious.

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Classification of Dental Sedatives and Anesthetics

Sedatives and anesthetics are used before dental surgery to reduce sensitivity to pain.

Sedatives Vs Anesthetics

  • Sedatives are the substances that relieves the patient’s anxiety and helps to relax and sleep.
  • Anesthetics are the agents which reduces sensitivity to pain by blocking the nerves.

Classification of dental anesthetics:
Dental anesthetics are based on level of sedation and based on the route of administration. They are classified into two types; local anesthetics and general anesthetics.

  • Local anesthetics: Local anesthetics are used to numb a particular area with out any loss of consciousness. Agents used as local anesthetics are lignocaine and novocaine.
  • General anesthetics: In general anesthetics the entire body will have temporary loss of consciousness. Agents used as general anesthetics are halothane, desflurane, isoflurane, and propofol.

Classification of dental sedation:
Dental sedation is based on the level of sedation, and are classified into; minimal sedation, moderate sedation and deep sedation.

  • Minimal sedation: Less amount of sedatives is given. Patients remain awake and communicate verbally.
  • Moderate sedation: In this state, patient remains conscious during surgery. In this state patient can not communicate. In some cases, patient may fall into sleep.
  • Deep sedation: In this type of sedation, patient is in unconscious condition during surgery and patient will not remember anything.

Classification based on route of administration:
Based on the route of administration, anesthetics used in dental surgery are classified into; inhalation sedatives, IV sedatives, oral sedatives and topical sedatives.

  • Inhalation sedatives: Sedatives are administered through nose. Dentist will place an anesthetic agent on the mask and ask you to inhale through nose and expel through the mouth. This route of administration provides less sedation effect. Nitrous oxide is the inhaled sedative.
  • IV sedatives: Sedatives are administered by injecting into intravenous nerves. Onset of action is faster as it is injecting into the vein. Duration of action depends on the amount of sedative given. Benzodiazepam and methohexital are used as IV sedatives.
  • Oral sedatives: Sedatives administered through oral route. In this a pill is taken to sleep. The pill should be taken 30 minutes before the surgery as the onset of action is slow and duration of action depends on the amount of sedative taken. Diazepam, triazolam, lorazepam are available in the form of pills.
  • Topical sedatives: Topical sedative agent is applied over the area where surgery is going to be done. It anesthetizes the mucous membrane. Now a days, patches are available. Patches contain anesthetic agent that are applied over the surface and slowly the area gets anesthetized. Benzocaine and eugenol are used as topical sedatives.

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What are the Painful Effects of Braces?

In orthodontic treatment, the orthodontist uses the braces for fixing the teeth in order to straighten, fill gaps between the teeth of orthodontic patients. Orthodontic patients are the people who have irregularities in their teeth. These irregularities can be removed by the orthodontic devices called braces. Orthodontic braces help the patient look beautiful with nice and fine teeth. There are some effects while wearing braces. But these effects are in the first few days of wearing braces due to the pressure applied to the teeth and they give you proper new alignment to your teeth after treatment.

Some of the effects that are caused while wearing braces are:

  • Discomfort is the first one you feel due to mouth soreness, headaches, rashes on your gums by rubbing the braces, effect on speech etc., while wearing braces.
  • Chances of mild pain and difficult in eating after tightening of the braces.
  • Braces are damaged due to the sticky food items chewed by the patient.
  • Sometimes braces cut the inner lips while eating, speaking, sleeping etc,.
  • Formation of plaque called gingivitis around the braces due to improper maintenance and cleaning of teeth after food consumption.
  • Tooth stains remain even after completion of treatment.
  • Gum diseases occur due to the rashes produced on the gum.
  • Injuries as well as jaw joint pain also sometimes is caused due to the braces.

All the above painful effects can be reduced by maintaining proper oral hygiene and also by following the doctor’s suggestions precisely. Read more