By nature we all have some flaws in our teeth. While some of the people feel bad about their broken or crooked arrangement, others worry about their dull or stained colored teeth. Our teeth can acquire stains with age or perhaps due to excess consumption of colored foods and beverages that are turning them into dark yellow tint. It is important to remember that only a pearly white teeth can make our smile bright and attractive. Read more
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Mouth guards also known as mouth protectors helps to protect the lips, teeth and other parts of the mouth from various injuries. It is generally an adjustable device made out of plastic.
Functions of mouth guard
Following are few functions of mouth guards:
- Mouth guards act as shock absorbers between the jaws of lover and upper teeth.
- It helps to prevent injuries caused due to fractures in the neck, jaw and cerebral region.
- Athlete feel more confident and comfort by using mouth guards as they provide protection.
- They also act as a night protector.
- Lower and upper jaw can be protected from contact by using mouth guards.
- They also helps to reduce the pain caused by temporomandibular joint.
- It can be used for providing topical medication in case of gingivitis diseases.
- Mouth guard helps while bleaching of teeth is done.
Types of mouth guards
The following are three type of mouth guards used :
Stock mouth guards: Ready made mouth guards will be available in shops which are low in cost but provides comfort while talking.
Custom fitted mouth guards: This type of mouth guards are made by professional dentists in laboratories by taking appropriate impressions of the teeth and molded accordingly.
- After the mouth guard is ready it is made to kept in hot water and shaped over teeth accordingly using fingers.
Boil and bite mouth guards: This type of mouth guards are made from thermoplastic materials of ethylene- vinyl acetate and are available in various shapes that fit the user closely.
- These are initially heated and molded to fit the jaws.
Ways to care your mouth guard
- After every use don’t forget to rinse your mouth guard with water.
- By using tooth paste brush it at least twice a day.
- Never leave it in hot water or allow it under sunlight
- Always keep the mouth guard in a firm container.
- In case of any damage to the mouth guards change it from time to time.
Gum disease is a condition that affects the gums and other structures supporting your teeth and also underlying jaw bone. Gum diseases are mainly due to the growth of bacteria that leads to the build up of plaque in mouth. If it is not treated in the early stage it may lead to the loss of teeth.
Gum diseases are of two types, gingivitis and periodontal diseases. Let’s discuss about them briefly.
Gingivitis is a mild problem of gum disease. Normally bacteria grows in our mouth which on reaction with mucous and other particles in mouth leads to the formation of colorless sticky plaque on mouth. If not treated it becomes hard and forms tartar which is difficult to remove. This leads to the inflammation of gums and bleeding from gums called gingivitis.
It is most seen in pregnant women, diabetes patients and patients taking medicines for blood pressure and seizures. There are two forms of gingivitis: acute and chronic gingivitis. Acute gingivitis is due to infection, trauma and micro organisms, whereas chronic gingivitis is due to the inflammation of gum tissue surround the teeth.
If gingivitis is untreated, it can lead to periodontitis. The plaque starts spreading all over the mouth and grows below the gum line. This plaque releases toxins which destroys the tissue and bone supporting the teeth. Then gums get separate from teeth and forms gap between the teeth. These gaps are occupied with debris and become infected. Finally teeth becomes loose and loss of teeth takes place. There are many forms of periodontitis, such as:
- Chronic Periodontitis: It is the inflammation below the gum line. It occurs mostly in people over 40 age. It causes the destruction of gum and bone tissue. It cannot be cured completely as the supporting tissue gets destroyed. However, it can be treated by tissue grafting surgery to strengthen the bone.
- Aggressive Periodontitis: It is the condition where there is a rapid loss of gum attachment or loss of bone tissue. It is same as chronic periodontitis, but the progression is rapid. It is commonly seen in people who smoke and who have a family history of this disease. Like chronic periodontitis, it can be treated by medications and surgery.
- Narcotizing Periodontitis: It is rarely seen and it is the infection due to the death of gum tissue and periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. It is mainly seen in patients with HIV, immuno suppression and malnutrition. It can be treated by using anti microbial pills, medicated mouth washes and root planning and scaling method.
Cancer is a dreaded ill-health condition. Oral cancer is the uncontrolled division of abnormal cells that leads to growth of malignant tumors in oral cavity. Oral cancer is the branch of head and neck type cancer. Oral cancer affects lips, tongue, mouth, tonsils, gums, teeth and salivary glands.
Tumors are classified into 2 types:
- Benign tumors
- Malignant tumors
Benign tumors are non cancerous. They grow very slowly and will not spread to other parts. Once removed by surgery, they will not recur.
Malignant tumors are cancerous tumors. They grow rapidly and proliferation of cells to other parts. Even though removed by surgery it will come again.
Types of oral cancer
There are several types of oral cancers:
- Lip cancer
- Tongue cancer
- Salivary gland cancer
1. Lip cancer
Lip cancer is a condition where abnormal growth of cells on the lining of lip happens. It is more common in the male than the female. Lip cancers are of two types: basal and squamous cell carcinoma. It is easily detectable and cured in early stages.
- Exposure of lips to UV radiation along with tobacco usage.
- Regular consumption of alcohol
- Infection with HPV virus
Detected at early stage, it can be treated easily. Mainly lower lip get effected as it is more exposed than upper lip. It can be treated by surgery, Radiation therapy, Cryotherapy. Mohs surgery is used to remove the thin layer of skin tissue that is affected by tumor.
2. Tongue cancer
Tongue cancer is the development of malignant tumor on tongue surface. If the tumor on front surface of tongue then it is comes under oral cancer. If it on base of the tongue, it comes under oropharyngeal cancer.
- Improper fitting of dentures
- Acid reflux from mouth
- Chewing tobacco products
- Exposure to chemicals
- Deficiency of essential nutrients
It can be easily treated by surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy. Targeted drug therapy effectively treat tongue cancer. In this drugs interfere with the growth of tumors.
3. Salivary gland cancer
Cancer which affects salivary glands. Salivary glans produces saliva which keeps mouth moist. This helps to remove bacteria from mouth. Most of the tumors on salivary glands are benign. It is less common.
- Old age people are more affected
- Exposure to chemicals
- Radiation therapy on neck and head
Salivary gland cancer can be treated by fast neutron radiation therapy, photo beam radiation therapy. Radio sensitizers are the drugs that makes tumors to become sensitive to radiation.
Lymphoma is the cancer where proliferation of abnormal cells happens on lymph nodes. Tonsils are also affected as these are made up of lymph tissue. Lymphoma affects immune system. Lymphoma are of two types Hodgkin and Non Hodgkin. Non hodgkin is commonly seen and affects both T-cells and B-cells.
- Immune deficiency-Auto immune diseases
- Nuclear radiation exposure
Immunological therapy with monoclonal anti bodies boosts immune system, stem cell transplantation, surgery are the treatments for lymph node cancer.
These are less common and seen on maxillary gingiva. Detection in early stage saves life.
- Dysfunction of the adrenal gland
- Immune deficiency
Radiation therapy and surgery are helpful to treat this type of carcinoma.
Invislign is a way of straightening your teeth with invisible braces without using any metal strips or wires that are visible. This treatment will slowly straighten your teeth using a sires of plastic aligners or trays. It is prior to orthodontics and alternative to traditional methods. Through this treatment you can have perfect smile on your face. It is becoming more popular today. Using these braces is much more comfortable than others. This is alternative to other home teeth whitening methods.
Invisalign is given once patient is agreed for the treatment and told about how it benefits the person than traditional methods i.e., after a proper consultancy with dentist. At first the patient is made ready to have the impressions taken from him/her. With in few days the dentist will be given invisalign and in the next visit your teeth will be attached with tooth-colored ceramic pieces which are in teeth color. Now, you can wear your first set of invisalign trays or aligners.
People who require invisalign braces:
- Having the mis-happened teeth
- In solving overly crowded teeth problems
- People to correct wide spaces in their teeth
- It is also taken in situations like over bite, even cross bites and under bite problems
Impacts of invisalign treatment:
- With invisalign you can have healthy gums
- Straighten your teeth
- Cleaning can be done easily which is not a benefit of using the traditional braces
- Using these braces you can have effective chewing and feels better to speak
- Risks that may occur with trauma and abnormal wear are reduced
- This also benefits in the conditions of swollen gums, periodontal diseases, pocketing and redness
- Usage of this braces makes you feel comfortable as there are no metal braces or wires
- You can easily eat, drink, brush and floss your teeth
Protect your invisalign trays/aligners:
- Try to take the aligners slowly out of your mouth
- After removing the aligners from your moth brush your teeth and aligners also
- Continue wearing your aligners regularly until you get your teeth straight
- Have good dental hygiene
When compared to other traditional approaches invisalign is a better choice if you are treated by a qualified and professional dentist.