By nature we all have some flaws in our teeth. While some of the people feel bad about their broken or crooked arrangement, others worry about their dull or stained colored teeth. Our teeth can acquire stains with age or perhaps due to excess consumption of colored foods and beverages that are turning them into dark yellow tint. It is important to remember that only a pearly white teeth can make our smile bright and attractive. Read more
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Dental in-lays and on-lays provide several purposes and treatment options for various dental restorative services. They repairs the rear teeth that have been damaged or fractured. They are generally made of tooth colored material and used to replace the traditional form of metal fillings for a natural appearance. On-lays are used to treat larger surface areas and inlays used for treating the indented top surfaces of teeth.
The treatment procedure
- An inlay or on-lay procedure can be completed in to dental visits.
- In your first visit, dentist prepares the damaged tooth and a modeled impression will be taken and sent to a dental laboratory where the inlay or on-lay is manufactured.
- Inlays and on-lays are usually made of materials such as porcelain or resin, gold materials. The difference is in their appearance of the final completed restoration.
- A temporary inlay or on-lay in the shape of final restoration can be created during the first visit for protecting the tooth, while the final restoration is being fabricated.
- In case of back molars opting for gold inlays/ on-lays makes the best option.
- Inlays/ on-lays made up of porcelain are mostly used in the smile line areas.
- Resin made inlays/ on lays best suits for people who grind their teeth and with misaligned bite.
- During the second visit, the temporary restoration will be removed and the permanent inlay/ on-lay is placed.
- Dentist check for all margins to make sure that a smooth fit with tight adjacent contact occurs.
- Also they check for bite issues to ensure that no occlusion problems affect the margins of restoration.
- Once the restoration is fitted/ bonded on to the tooth, the margins are well polished.
Benefits of inlays and on-lays
- Easier cleaning of tooth: Due to the proper tailored fit and with minimum preparation, teeth can be cleaned easily. Prefabricated inlays and on-lays doesn’t shrink during the curing process.
- Tooth color: Inlays and on-lays boast up longevity and are not likely to discolor over a period of time.
- Superior fit: Inlays and on-lays offers a reactionary preparation that preserves healthy tooth as much as possible. They provide a great option if you have minimal to moderate decay that extends to flossing area, thus offering an alternative to full covering crowns.
- Safeguarding the tooth structure: They help to preserve maximum tooth structure while restoring damaged or decayed areas thus ensuring functional longevity.
- Protecting the weak tooth: On-lays protect the weak areas of tooth and the procedure does not require complete tooth reshaping.
- Stability and strength: Inlays and on-lays make stable restorative solutions for the decay treatment. Durable material and superior fit make them a stable choice for strengthening up a damaged tooth.
- Tight space fulfillment: Inlays can be considered if you have cavity between your teeth as of they are better at sealing the teeth to keep out bacteria. They will not stain, are easy to clean and offer durability.
Dental inlays/ on-lays improves the health of your teeth and appearance of your smile and treatment requires no downtime.
Mouth guards also known as mouth protectors helps to protect the lips, teeth and other parts of the mouth from various injuries. It is generally an adjustable device made out of plastic.
Functions of mouth guard
Following are few functions of mouth guards:
- Mouth guards act as shock absorbers between the jaws of lover and upper teeth.
- It helps to prevent injuries caused due to fractures in the neck, jaw and cerebral region.
- Athlete feel more confident and comfort by using mouth guards as they provide protection.
- They also act as a night protector.
- Lower and upper jaw can be protected from contact by using mouth guards.
- They also helps to reduce the pain caused by temporomandibular joint.
- It can be used for providing topical medication in case of gingivitis diseases.
- Mouth guard helps while bleaching of teeth is done.
Types of mouth guards
The following are three type of mouth guards used :
Stock mouth guards: Ready made mouth guards will be available in shops which are low in cost but provides comfort while talking.
Custom fitted mouth guards: This type of mouth guards are made by professional dentists in laboratories by taking appropriate impressions of the teeth and molded accordingly.
- After the mouth guard is ready it is made to kept in hot water and shaped over teeth accordingly using fingers.
Boil and bite mouth guards: This type of mouth guards are made from thermoplastic materials of ethylene- vinyl acetate and are available in various shapes that fit the user closely.
- These are initially heated and molded to fit the jaws.
Ways to care your mouth guard
- After every use don’t forget to rinse your mouth guard with water.
- By using tooth paste brush it at least twice a day.
- Never leave it in hot water or allow it under sunlight
- Always keep the mouth guard in a firm container.
- In case of any damage to the mouth guards change it from time to time.
Laser dentistry has been familiar in the last few years to treat the dental problems. Today many dentists use laser over the drill dentistry, in the dental treatments, as it offers many benefits both to the patient and the dentist. Drill dentistry is the conventional method of dentistry, which is not preferred by most of the people, as it makes them uncomfortable. So, would you like to look at the benefits of the laser dentistry? Then, go through this article.
Dental drills can cause the hairline cracks and fractures in the teeth which lead to the dental problems and sometimes can cause the damage to the healthy portion of the teeth. But, by using the laser dentistry, there will not be any hard dental drills that can cause damage to the other teeth. Also, it minimizes the effect of injury.
Less swelling or bleeding
In traditional methods, scalpels were the standard methods used for addressing the soft tissues in the mouth. But, now the laser allows the great accuracy in the treatment with soft tissues. It cuts down the pain, bleeding from the patient’s mouth and also improves the recovery experience of the patients. With this, the patients can have a quicker recovery time and also the need for the anesthesia will be less.
Dental procedures that are performed using the soft tissue dental lasers may not need stitches (Sutures).
Reduced risk of infection
As the laser treatments are very fine with high energy beam sterilizing, the area that is being worked on, there is a less potential chance or no chance of causing bacterial infections.
Laser helps in detecting the cavities and also the minutest bits of the teeth decay. In order to provide the accurate information with respect to the teeth and the structure of the individual teeth, a safe laser light will be focused on the surface of the teeth. By combining this with advanced digital radiography, dentists can give the patients the best, safest and general possible preventive care.
Enhanced hard tissue treatments
In most of the cavity fillings and the major dental restoration work, you probably will not see any drilling in the laser dentistry practice. As in case of soft tissues, the lasers are able to penetrate to the hard tissues of the mouth and there will not be any whirring sound. Also, no heat from friction as in the case of drilling.
These are the major benefits of using laser dentistry over the drill dentistry.
Oral appliances are the devices applied to the patients oral cavity for a certain period of time to treat various disorders associated with the oral cavity. Oral appliances are commonly used to treat sleeping apnea and temporomandibular joint disorders.
Types of oral appliances
There are several types of oral appliances available depending on the type of disorder in oral cavity. These include:
- Mandibular repositioning devices
Mandibular repositioning devices are made of heat sensitive acrylic material. These are custom fitted to each patient’s mouth. These are used to treat sleeping apnea. Patients with sleeping apnea have narrowed air ways during sleeping. It is fitted to the lower jaw to reposition the mandible to the normal position. This will push the tongue and soft tissue to open the air ways and restore normal breathing during sleeping.
- Tongue retaining devices
It is used in patients with elongated tongue. It is a device used to keep the tongue in normal position during sleeping. It is used to treat obstructive sleeping apnea syndrome. It is a custom made device made up of soft pliable material. It should be worn while sleeping. It has a compartment in which tongue is positioned by means of negative pressure. Tongue retaining devices require adaptation to the patient holding tongue in the compartment. Therefore tongue exercise and adaption program is given prior to the insertion of tongue retaining device.
- Orthodontic appliances
Orthodontic appliances are the devices applied to the teeth to position them in normal position. Orthodontic appliances include orthodontic retainers and space maintainers.
- Orthodontic retainers are custom made orthodontic appliances used to position the teeth in its place after removal of braces. Orthodontic retainers are either fixed or removable retainers.
- Space maintainers are used to keep the space for the permanent teeth to erupt and come out of the gums. If these are not used the gap created by the missing tooth replaced by the shifting of the adjacent teeth then surgery is necessary to correct the abnormality. These are custom made by the orthodontist and made up of plastic or metallic material. Space retainers are either fixed or removable.