Archive for August 27, 2014

Types of Gum Diseases

Dental Implant LondonGum disease is a condition that affects the gums and other structures supporting your teeth and also underlying jaw bone. Gum diseases are mainly due to the growth of bacteria that leads to the build up of plaque in mouth. If it is not treated in the early stage it may lead to the loss of teeth.

Gum diseases are of two types, gingivitis and periodontal diseases. Let’s discuss about them briefly.

Gingivitis is a mild problem of gum disease. Normally bacteria grows in our mouth which on reaction with mucous and other particles in mouth leads to the formation of colorless sticky plaque on mouth. If not treated it becomes hard and forms tartar which is difficult to remove. This leads to the inflammation of gums and bleeding from gums called gingivitis.

It is most seen in pregnant women, diabetes patients and patients taking medicines for blood pressure and seizures. There are two forms of gingivitis: acute and chronic gingivitis. Acute gingivitis is due to infection, trauma and micro organisms, whereas chronic gingivitis is due to the inflammation of gum tissue surround the teeth.

Periodontal diseases
If gingivitis is untreated, it can lead to periodontitis. The plaque starts spreading all over the mouth and grows below the gum line. This plaque releases toxins which destroys the tissue and bone supporting the teeth. Then gums get separate from teeth and forms gap between the teeth. These gaps are occupied with debris and become infected. Finally teeth becomes loose and loss of teeth takes place. There are many forms of periodontitis, such as:

  • Chronic Periodontitis: It is the inflammation below the gum line. It occurs mostly in people over 40 age. It causes the destruction of gum and bone tissue. It cannot be cured completely as the supporting tissue gets destroyed. However, it can be treated by tissue grafting surgery to strengthen the bone.
  • Aggressive Periodontitis: It is the condition where there is a rapid loss of gum attachment or loss of bone tissue. It is same as chronic periodontitis, but the progression is rapid. It is commonly seen in people who smoke and who have a family history of this disease. Like chronic periodontitis, it can be treated by medications and surgery.
  • Narcotizing Periodontitis: It is rarely seen and it is the infection due to the death of gum tissue and periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. It is mainly seen in patients with HIV, immuno suppression and malnutrition. It can be treated by using anti microbial pills, medicated mouth washes and root planning and scaling method.

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Benefits of Using Fuel Cells Over Batteries for Your Car

Fuel cells give more benefits to your car when compared to batteries. Some of them are listed below. So, know the differences and get benefited by using fuel cells.

High flexible
Fuel cells can operate on various types of fuels and they are flexible to use than internal combustion engines or batteries.

Highly efficient
Fuel cells conserves energy and uses stored energy into usable energy in only one step whereas batteries or internal combustion engines require multiple steps to convert. So, fuel cells can achieve higher conversion efficiency than batteries.

The moving parts in the fuel cells are less when compared to the internal combustion engine or battery and this also requires less maintenance. The problem with fuel cells are, they can be easily identified and rectified.

Low or zero emissions
If you use some fuel cells they just release water when they are in use or else very less emissions than other combustion technologies. This reduces the release of air pollutants in the vehicles with fuel cells than vehicles with batteries. With this you can save the environment.

Long time for refueling
Fuel cells need very long time for refueling the vehicle whereas batteries need to be charged in less time when compared to fuel cells. Fuel cells run for long time with the same fuel. Using fuel cells for your vehicle saves lot of money.

Less weight
The vehicles that run on fuel cells will be less in weight whereas vehicles running on batteries will be more weight added through the battery. This leads to more consumption of electricity as the weight of the vehicle is more.

Eliminates pollution
Apart from few emissions the green house gases will emit very less compared to the other engines which eliminates the release of pollutants from the vehicles.

Low noise through vibrations
As there are only few moving parts in the fuel cell it won’t vibrate much than the internal combustion engine or a battery. So, the noise that comes out through fuel cells is negligible.

There are very few disadvantages when compared to vehicles running on batteries. So, maintenance of fuel cells is easy over the batteries for vehicles.
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Types of Oral Cancer

Cancer is a dreaded ill-health condition. Oral cancer is the uncontrolled division of abnormal cells that leads to growth of malignant tumors in oral cavity. Oral cancer is the branch of head and neck type cancer. Oral cancer affects lips, tongue, mouth, tonsils, gums, teeth and salivary glands.
Tumors are classified into 2 types:

  • Benign tumors
  • Malignant tumors

Benign tumors are non cancerous. They grow very slowly and will not spread to other parts. Once removed by surgery, they will not recur.

Malignant tumors are cancerous tumors. They grow rapidly and proliferation of cells to other parts. Even though removed by surgery it will come again.

Types of oral cancer
There are several types of oral cancers:

  • Lip cancer
  • Tongue cancer
  • Salivary gland cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Melanoma

1. Lip cancer
Lip cancer is a condition where abnormal growth of cells on the lining of lip happens. It is more common in the male than the female. Lip cancers are of two types: basal and squamous cell carcinoma. It is easily detectable and cured in early stages.


  • Exposure of lips to UV radiation along with tobacco usage.
  • Regular consumption of alcohol
  • Infection with HPV virus

Detected at early stage, it can be treated easily. Mainly lower lip get effected as it is more exposed than upper lip. It can be treated by surgery, Radiation therapy, Cryotherapy. Mohs surgery is used to remove the thin layer of skin tissue that is affected by tumor.

2. Tongue cancer
Tongue cancer is the development of malignant tumor on tongue surface. If the tumor on front surface of tongue then it is comes under oral cancer. If it on base of the tongue, it comes under oropharyngeal cancer.


  • Improper fitting of dentures
  • Acid reflux from mouth
  • Chewing tobacco products
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Deficiency of essential nutrients

It can be easily treated by surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy. Targeted drug therapy effectively treat tongue cancer. In this drugs interfere with the growth of tumors.

3. Salivary gland cancer
Cancer which affects salivary glands. Salivary glans produces saliva which keeps mouth moist. This helps to remove bacteria from mouth. Most of the tumors on salivary glands are benign. It is less common.


  • Old age people are more affected
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Radiation therapy on neck and head

Salivary gland cancer can be treated by fast neutron radiation therapy, photo beam radiation therapy. Radio sensitizers are the drugs that makes tumors to become sensitive to radiation.

4. Lymphoma
Lymphoma is the cancer where proliferation of abnormal cells happens on lymph nodes. Tonsils are also affected as these are made up of lymph tissue. Lymphoma affects immune system. Lymphoma are of two types Hodgkin and Non Hodgkin. Non hodgkin is commonly seen and affects both T-cells and B-cells.


  • Immune deficiency-Auto immune diseases
  • Nuclear radiation exposure

Immunological therapy with monoclonal anti bodies boosts immune system, stem cell transplantation, surgery are the treatments for lymph node cancer.

5. Melanoma
These are less common and seen on maxillary gingiva. Detection in early stage saves life.


  • Dysfunction of the adrenal gland
  • Immune deficiency
  • Genetics

Radiation therapy and surgery are helpful to treat this type of carcinoma.

Types of Patio Styles for Your Home

Are you planning for a patio? Are you confused which one to choose? Here are few patio styles that you can choose for your house. Some of the patio styles are listed below.

Miniature plantsBackyard patio
Most people who prefer backyard patios construct them on the east or north side. The east location gives sun in the morning and shade in the after afternoon and when coming to the north it gives little sunlight all the day. So, depending on the requirements of the people the patios are constructed. The backyard patio may be roofed or roofless. Most of them prefer roofless backyard patios which gives them more privacy.

Front yard patio
Front yard patios act as a welcoming door and sitting place for the visitors of your house. They are near your front doors of your house. But, the front yard patios doesn’t give much privacy to the people. These patios are mostly not preferred as they create disturbance to the outdoor environment. If you want to construct a front yard patio then it will have many limitations.

Bistro patio
If you are interested in gardening, then bistro patio will be sufficient enough for you. This will be perfect patio accommodating table and chairs. This is also a kind of backyard patio and will be suitable for the snack times, breakfast, etc. A bistro patio needs only few amount of space for construction i.e., atleast 6 feet.

Courtyard patio
Courtyard patios are located in the middle of the house surrounded by walls on three sides and one side opening which acts as an entrance to the courtyard and this patio best suits in summer.

Sundeck patio
This patios are also called as sunrooms were most people relax, play games, have entertainment, etc. Sundeck patio is constructed with glass walls through which people get fresh air and sunlight all the day and it helps them stay healthy and conserves energy by providing natural light. These are usually located near the pool and are located on the front side of the home.

Living room patio
This is also a kind of backyard patio. It is a space for people to relax with family members or friends. This acts as a living room. It features a fireplace with shade structure. It should be constructed with atleast 16X18 feet dimensions.
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How Communication Skills Differ From Language Skills

Common misconception
People learn new languages with different objectives. Most of them do it so that they can communicate well in that language verbally or in a written form. Almost each one of us is restricted by our motive for learning the new language. Most of us in our endeavor of gaining command over communication skills end up making a wrong choice and go for learning instead. Many do the opposite of it. Both of them lead us to choose a wrong thing to pursue for learning. Apparently most for us have a common misconception that communication skills and language skills are same. Both the aspects share a few similarities but all together they are different. Clarifying this, we can say that communication skills require language skills to some extent nut having communication skills do not affirm that you have good language skills also. Broadly speaking, communication skills are sub domain of language skills.

Communication skills v/s learning a language
Before making any decision, you must find enough confidence in your objective. It means to decide if you want to constraint yourself to communication skills or you want to develop a language skills in whole. After coming to communication skills, it depends if you are contented with the spoken communication skills or you want to go further with writing skills also.

Learning a language or developing language skills includes developing full understanding of the language. It means that you are as good in that language as you are in your mother tongue. It is a very comprehensive approach and requires a lot of time and practice. Communication skills only limit themselves to the art of communicating well in that language. If you are focusing on only verbal communication skills, you just need to have a little knowledge of grammar. You must have knowledge of simple words and should be able to make simple sentences. Most of the times, your mistakes will be forgiven. Coming to writing skills, you need to have a little extra vocabulary and knowledge of good writing etiquette. Communication skills over a language can be developed in few months unlike language skills.

Communication skills is a function of practice and is directly proportional to it. The more you practice, the better you will be. It comes in a fact that many people lack communication skills in their mother tongue also due to lack of practice. But when coming to language, it is a bigger picture, you have to get proficient with different aspects of it.

Communication skills put less effort on grammar. It is more concerned with conveying the message properly. Therefore you should need to have knowledge of simple words and simple sentences in that language. Being simple is the trick to learn good communication skills. But when it comes to learning languages, you can not do away by ignoring grammar. Grammar holds a very prominent place in learning a language and should be give due importance. It forms backbone of any language.

You should be confident in your need and decision as said earlier. It is the pre-condition in ensuring that you achieve your goal. You should not bet this misconception stray you away from your goal. You should stay focused on your goal and make sincere efforts in achieving it.
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