Organic farming is a practice of cultivating crops that involve various methods that are Eco-friendly. In this process, also inorganic products such as insecticides, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides are used by the farmers but they are used in limits.
The methods of organic farming combine scientific knowledge and modern technology with traditional farming practices based on thousands of years of agriculture. Crops, meat and other food products are produced without using any chemicals in this type of farming.
Organic farming methods are basically aimed at improving the productivity of various crops with the integration and successful implementation of biological tools and techniques to carry out sustainable agriculture while respecting natural life-cycle systems. However the main aim or characteristic of organic farming is crop diversity.
Generally organic methods depend on naturally occurring biological processes, which often takes more period of time is a holistic approach. Instead of using chemicals, organic farming uses a lot of organic matter to give crops the nutrients that they need to grow. Example is clover, which has a lot of nitrogen in it which makes the soil better. These fertilizers also help conserve the soil, not destroy it after a few years.
Organic farming methods include crop rotation, green manures and compost, biological pest control, and mechanical cultivation. These methods use the natural environment to increase the agricultural productivity. To get nitrogen in to the soil, legumes are planted, natural insect predators are encouraged, crops are rotated to confuse pests and renew soil and natural materials such as potassium bicarbonate and mulches are used to control disease and weeds.
However, now a days more and more farmers have been returning to more natural ways of producing the farm products.